Cystitis in men

Cystitis in men symptoms and treatment

Cystitis is inflammation of the urinary bladder with infringement of its functions and changes in the urine. The most common cause of cystitis is infection.

Features of cystitis in men

Men suffering from cystitis is much less often than women. Thus, the urethra in men is long and narrow.

Cause of cystitis in men often appear problems with the prostate gland (inflammation, tumors), which are sexually transmitted infection narrowing (stricture) of the urethra, kidney disease (kidney stones, pyelonephritis). It is therefore considered that men cystitis is a more serious disease than for women. The disease is heavier and requires a mandatory visit to the doctor-urologist. Infectious cystitis is most often bacteria, less viruses, and fungi.

The symptoms of inflammation of the bladder

The symptoms of cystitis in men go together with symptoms of urethritis:

  • frequent urination, up to several times per hour;
  • the urine in small portions, a feeling that the urine came out not completely;
  • cramps and painful urination in the groin and penis;
  • difficult urination, a man difficult to start to urinate;
  • color change, clouding of urine (sometimes there is urine with blood or pus);
  • aching abdominal pain, sometimes pain can radiate to the area of rectum possible pain in the lower back;
  • possible rise in body temperature, chills, weakness.

If the urine appeared clots or streaks of blood or urine has become dark red, you should immediately contact a urologist. This is a very serious symptom.

Causes of cystitis

The occurrence of cystitis in men is provoked by:

  • the penetration of infection from the kidney (descending path) or from the urethra (an ascending path);
  • incomplete emptying of the bladder (due to enlarged prostate or narrowing of the urethra);
  • recent urological manipulation (catheterization of urinary bladder);
  • frequent change of sexual partners (increases the risk of Contracting gonorrhea, chlamydia and other sexually transmitted diseases, which in turn increases the risk of cystitis);
  • reduced immunity, especially in older people or in people with diabetes.

Acute, chronic, hemorrhagic cystitis

Chronic cystitis in men occurs when insufficient or incorrect treatment of acute cystitis. If the first condition is not to remove the precipitating factor and not to get rid of the infection in the bladder, the process goes deeper. The symptoms of chronic cystitis are similar to the symptoms in the acute form of the disease, but are less pronounced. Acute chronic cystitis two or more times a year. A man with chronic cystitis have to pass a comprehensive examination at the doctor-the urologist, not to miss more serious diseases such as cancer.

Hemorrhagic cystitis - is an inflammation of the bladder mucosa, which is accompanied by discharge of blood with urine. In men hemorrhagic cystitis occurs often enough, especially those who suffer from prostate cancer. In cystitis the urine is dark red. Change the color of urine to dark red — a reason to urgently see a doctor. If you long to treat hemorrhagic cystitis, developing iron deficiency anemia because of urine lost red blood cells and hemoglobin.

Treatment of cystitis

If a man became ill with cystitis, it requires special attention from both the patient and the doctor. Probably need comprehensive treatment of the entire genitourinary system. In the first place need to consult a urologist who will conduct a survey and inspection. After examination, the specialist will prescribe the necessary tests and studies (mandatory urine analysis and ultrasound of the urinary system). Based on these data the doctor make a diagnosis, to identify the cause and precipitating factor in each case.

It should be noted that most often in the treatment of cystitis is antibiotics. These drugs must be taken exactly as prescribed by a doctor. It is important not to interrupt the course of treatment, even if symptoms have disappeared, and feeling good. Often cystitis in men for relief of the condition assigned to painkillers and drugs that reduce inflammation. This means at the beginning of treatment will become easier.

Important tip: during the treatment of cystitis is better to abstain from sexual activity.

In cystitis it is recommended that men eat more plant foods, rich in vitamins. You should avoid fatty, spicy, fried food. To drink much or little recommend the doctor as it is individual in each case.