Symptoms of cystitis in men can vary depending on the stage of development of the disease. In the early stages of the onset of an inflammatory process in the bladder, symptoms may not be pronounced. The acute phase of the disease proceeds with pronounced clinical signs. In the absence of proper treatment, cystitis may weaken somewhat, becoming a chronic form, followed by periodic exacerbations. Conservative therapy consists of the use of medicines and folk remedies.
Cystitis in men develops against the background of an infectious lesion. It can cause this disease:
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
These infections can spread from nearby organs to the bladder area. As a rule, cystitis is accompanied by such diseases as renal tuberculosis, prostatitis, chronic pyelonephritis and other pathologies.
There are factors under the influence of which cystitis actively develops. These include:
- Stressful situations;
- decreased immunity against the background of other pathologies;
- stasis of urine in the bladder region.
The negative effects of chemicals in urine increase the risk of disease. Urolithiasis can cause the development of cystitis if it occurs with damage to the mucous membranes with stones.
Symptoms of cystitis in men are determined by the form of the pathology. The chronic phase of the disease proceeds with the following clinical signs:
- decrease in the volume of urine in an act of urination;
- increased desire to empty the bladder;
- pain in the suprapubic part;
- cloudy urine, the formation of mucus;
- burning and discomfort when urinating.
Acute cystitis in men causes the following symptoms:
- false and frequent urge to go to the bathroom;
- a marked decrease in the volume of urine;
- severe pain syndrome during urine diversion;
- the act of urinating is impossible without effort.
When the disease becomes severe, the symptoms change slightly. A man may have fever, severe weakness, intoxication. Urine may contain pus impurities, mucus. In some cases, blood stains are found and the smell becomes foul.
Chronic cystitis manifests itself quite weakly, and during periods of remission the disease does not cause any symptoms. The acute phase of the disease can significantly reduce the patient's quality of life.
With cystitis, the following consequences are possible:
- inflammation of the renal system - pyelonephritis;
- inflammation of the mucous membrane of the urethra (urethra) with more scarring;
- the spread of the pathology in the prostate.
If the disease is mild, it can be treated at home. For this, medicines and remedies from traditional medicine are used.
Both drugs and alternative treatments must be established by the attending physician. You cannot self-medicate without prior consultation as this can lead to the above complications.
During the acute course of the illness, the patient must remain in bed and drink plenty of fluids. At the time of treatment, he should limit the intake of salty and spicy foods, alcohol and strong coffee, so as not to irritate the bladder mucosa.
Since cystitis develops against the background of damage by pathogenic flora, antibiotics are usually used to eliminate the cause of the disease:
- Penicillins. Preference is given to semi-synthetic penicillins, which are used in conjunction with clavulanic acid.
- Cephalosporins. This group of antibiotics is used if the first group is not tolerated by patients or if microorganisms are resistant to them.
- Nitrofurans and fluoroquinolones.
If the cystitis is caused by a virus, antiviral drugs are used. With a fungal infection, the patient is given special medications.
Antispasmodics are used to relieve pain. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pills are used to eliminate bladder inflammation.
If cystitis occurs mildly, at an early stage, herbal remedies are used for treatment. You can buy them at the pharmacy or make them yourself.
There are the following popular recipes that help relieve the manifestations of an inflamed bladder:
- Flaxseed infusion. Take 1 tablespoon of raw material, pour a glass of water, put it on the stove and boil for 5 minutes, then take it out to prepare. Consume the prepared drink completely before meals.
- Corn infusion. One cup of millet is seasoned with 3 cups of boiling water and steeped overnight. The next morning, the remedy is filtered and consumed up to 4 times a day. The treatment is carried out for about a week.
- Cranberry extract. Take 3 tablespoons of cranberry juice, dilute it with half a glass of water and add 1 teaspoon of honey. A delicious and healing drink is consumed several times a day for two weeks.
- Echinacea infusion. One tablespoon of herbs is prepared with 200 ml of boiling water and infused for 4 hours. The resulting drink is taken orally 100 ml in the morning and in the evening.
- Herbal decoction. Take 5 g of birch buds, hernia, arborvitae, bearberry and pour a liter of water. The product is placed on the stove, boiled and boiled for 5 minutes. The drink is consumed in a day in several servings.
- Pumpkin seeds. Eat half a cup of pumpkin seeds a day. They are eaten fried or raw. Do not clean before using. They are also helpful for prostate condition and male potency.
- Celandine infusion. The plant is cut fresh. A glass of raw material is placed in a gauze bag and fixed to the neck of a 3-liter jar. The container is filled with warm water and kept for a month. To do this, place it in the refrigerator. The resulting composition is consumed 1 hour before meals, 2 tablespoons 3 times a day.
- Cranberry juice. Take 500-600 g of frozen or fresh fruits, crush them in a blender and filter through four layers of cheesecloth. Boiled but cooled water in a volume of 2. 5 liters is added to the resulting juice. Before use, fruit drinks are sweetened with honey or sugar. Have a drink a glass several times a day.
- Cranberry infusion. Take 200 g of blueberry berries, scald with boiling water and pour 0. 5 liters of cold water. The remedy is infused for 6-8 hours. The drink is consumed 100 g before meals 3-4 times a day.
- Oat decoction. Oatmeal and water are used in equal proportions (one cup each). They are mixed and boiled on the stove until the composition is reduced by half, after which it is filtered and made up with boiled water to the original volume. The resulting drink is consumed in half a glass 3-4 times a day. Every day a new composition is prepared and the entire treatment is carried out within 10-30 days.
If the bladder is inflamed, dill seeds are used in the treatment. A decoction is prepared from them, which relieves the inflammatory process in the bladder, reducing the intensity of the pain syndrome. Dill also disinfects.
Take 1 tablespoon of seeds and pour a glass of water (in order not to prepare the product every time, you can increase the proportions up to 5 times). The container is placed in a water bath and the composition is boiled for 10 minutes. The resulting decoction is taken orally 3 times a day, 100 ml. With advanced cystitis, the number of doses per day is increased by up to two times. With preventive therapy, a dose of the drug is limited in the morning.
An infusion is also made from dill. For this, the raw materials are crushed. A tablespoon of the plant is poured into a glass of boiling water and kept for 3 hours. The infusion is consumed in half a glass twice a day. In the early stages of cystitis, the remedy is taken only in the morning.
Chamomile has a pronounced anti-inflammatory, disinfecting and analgesic effect. Infusions are prepared from it. To do this, take 1 tablespoon of the plant, fill it with 200 ml of boiling water and wait until it cools completely. The drug is consumed with meals 3 times a day for 1/3 cup.
This plant is used as a bath solution. It is prepared from 2 tablespoons of the plant, which are poured into 200 ml of boiling water and infused for 20 minutes. After that, the composition is filtered through gauze and poured into a bowl of warm water. Water procedures are carried out for half an hour. If during the reception of a therapeutic bath the water gets cold, warm water is added.
Chamomile infusion, prepared from 3 tablespoons of crushed raw materials and 1 liter of boiling water, is also used for washing after each act of urination. This helps to get rid of the itching and burning that occurs after emptying the bladder.