Cystitis and pregnancy

Among the inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system, cystitis occupies a special place. The disease often affects pregnant women, whose immunity is under severe stress due to the situation. Treating cystitis during pregnancy is key to the health of the woman and the fetus.

pregnant woman and cystitis

Why Cystitis Is Dangerous During Pregnancy

Pyelonephritis is the most dangerous and common complication of advanced cystitis. This condition requires mandatory hospitalization and hospital treatment. Of particular concern to pregnant women is the question of whether cystitis can be dangerous for a child.

consequences for the child

Although the fetus is reliably protected against external amniotic bladder infections, with an advanced form of cystitis, the following consequences for the child arise:

  1. Premature birth or miscarriage.
  2. Water leak.
  3. Intrauterine infections.

consequences for a woman

It is important to understand that, in the absence of treatment, cystitis becomes a chronic form that is difficult to get rid of. Also among the possible consequences are:

  • kidney inflammation;
  • bladder damage;
  • paracystitis;
  • inflammation of the mucous membrane;
  • urinary incontinence;
  • bladder empyema;
  • ulcerative cystitis.

Chronic or acute cystitis in the early stages of pregnancy, if left untreated, becomes the cause of serious pathologies in women and, in the later stages, causes premature birth.

disease symptoms

Among the most common and noticeable symptoms of cystitis during pregnancy are the following:

  1. Discoloration of cloudy or pink urine.
  2. The presence of mucus or drops of blood in the urine.
  3. Pain when urinating. Particularly severe cramps occur in women at the end of urination.
  4. Constant desire to empty your bladder. Sometimes these impulses are false or accompanied by the release of just a few drops of urine.
  5. Bladder pain that gets worse if you put pressure on the area.

Sometimes the symptoms of cystitis during pregnancy are confused with physiological changes associated with the pressure of the uterus on the bladder. It is important to monitor your feelings and visit the gynecologist in a timely manner, who will be able to make the correct diagnosis.


Cystitis therapy in pregnant women consists of a complex of drugs, each selected exclusively by the treating physician. In this case, the doctor takes into account how much the benefits of the therapy will outweigh the possible risks to the fetus. Throughout therapy, the woman should be seen by a gynecologist and tested regularly. Only in this case can the cystitis be completely cured.

Early Cystitis Therapy

It is important to understand that the sooner treatment is started, the better the end result. In pregnant women, treatment for cystitis includes the following points:

  • taking medications;
  • compliance with the drinking regime;
  • the appointment of a special diet;
  • the use of folk recipes and techniques.

In the first week

Cystitis in the early stages, especially in the first week, is often confused with the manifestations of pregnancy and, therefore, many women ignore the manifestation of the disease until it becomes chronic or complications develop. The fact is that, with the onset of pregnancy, the enlarged uterus begins to press on the bladder, causing a feeling of overflowing and the urge to urinate. However, with inflammation, pain and burning add to this symptom.

If cystitis is seen in the first week of pregnancy, experts are trying to find "gentle" therapy. The main methods include:

  1. Prescribe medications. Basically, preference is given to natural-based uroseptics.
  2. Compliance with drinking regimen.
  3. Compliance with personal hygiene.

If a pregnancy whose first trimester is complicated by bladder inflammation can be terminated, the woman is admitted to a hospital.

in the first trimester

As in any other case, therapy for the disease begins with a diagnosis that allows for the identification of the causative agent of the inflammation. After that, the doctor selects a treatment regimen. It is important to understand that in the early stages, great care is needed when choosing medications, as the risk of miscarriage is high. In general, the set of activities practically does not differ from those that are pointed out in the first week. First trimester cystitis should not be overlooked.

To remember:Self-medication of cystitis during pregnancy is unacceptable, especially with the use of medication. These measures pose a direct threat to the life of the fetus.

Disease therapy at later stages

In the third trimester, as in the first few weeks, it is important to select medications carefully. Some of them may contain substances that can cause uterine contractions. The treatment regimen in the later stages is as follows:

  • taking antibacterial medications;
  • compliance with the drinking regime;
  • the use of herbal uroseptics;
  • the appointment of analgesics and antispasmodics, if necessary.

In some cases, the woman is asked to go to the hospital to minimize the risk of complications.

how to treat

To get rid of the disease, it is mandatory to apply:

  1. antibiotics
  2. Auxiliary medications such as analgesics or antispasmodics.
  3. Traditional medicine.
  4. Phytopreparations.

Important:the selection of medications during pregnancy is carried out exclusively by a doctor on the basis of an exam. If a specialist offers a woman hospitalization, under no circumstances should you refuse this opportunity.

drug treatment

Drug treatment during pregnancy consists of combining several groups of drugs at the same time. This measure allows not only to destroy the pathogenic microflora, but also to minimize the risk of recurrence. Before starting therapy, be sure to visit a doctor who will tell you what you can take and why you should avoid it.


To suppress the pathogenic microflora in cystitis and a faster recovery, antibiotics are needed during pregnancy. Furthermore, they are irreplaceable if the woman has an exacerbation of cystitis. Usually, during the period of pregnancy, preference is given to medications with a minimum of side effects.

Antibiotics can be in the form of suspensions, powders and pills for cystitis during pregnancy can also be prescribed.

To remember:the dosage of the medication and the duration of the treatment are determined by the specialist. It is important to follow the doctor's recommendations and complete the prescribed course completely, even if the feeling of cystitis has passed, because if the antibiotic is taken incorrectly, the microorganisms will develop drug resistance.


The most preferred form of medication during pregnancy. These products have minimal side effects and can be used during pregnancy. They work well with antibiotics and can increase their effectiveness.

Phytopreparations have the following properties:

  1. Diuretic.
  2. Anti-inflammatory.
  3. Bactericide.
  4. Immunostimulant.

Due to the natural composition, to achieve a full therapeutic effect, a long course of drug administration is necessary. In the acute form, herbal preparations are consumed for at least 2 to 3 weeks. Dosage is determined by a doctor who knows how to treat cystitis in a pregnant woman.


Suppositories for pregnant women may be prescribed during pregnancy, either in the early stages or in the last trimester. These medications are safer than antibiotics in tablet form as they do not affect the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Furthermore, they are quickly absorbed into the bloodstream and begin to act.


Basically, traditional medicine for pregnant women suggests the use of herbal medicinal decoctions as therapeutic agents. Common recipes include:

  1. Rosehip Decoction. To do this you need to pour 3 tablespoons of rose hips with a cup of boiling water and cook on a steam bath for about 10-15 minutes. After that, the broth can ferment for 20 minutes, filter and drink ½ cup 3-4 times a day.
  2. Tea made with black currant leaves. You can drink with cystitis at any time. For a drink, you will need 9 tablespoons of gooseberry leaves and 1. 5 liters of boiling water. The tea is infused for 30-40 minutes, after which it is drunk throughout the day.
  3. Cranberry juice. A glass of fresh cranberries requires 1. 5 liters of boiling water. The berries are pre-crushed, then placed with water and infused for 30 minutes. To taste, you can add a spoon of honey to the fruit juice. The drink is consumed throughout the day.
  4. Chamomile baths. The decoction or infusion is preliminarily prepared on the basis of chamomile, to which 1. 5 liters of warm water are added. In general, 1. 5 liters of broth requires the same amount of water. The liquid is poured into a bathtub and sits in it for 15-20 minutes. The water temperature should not be too high as it can cause uterine contractions. Bathing is not recommended in the first trimester of pregnancy.

Important:the use of alternative medicine methods during pregnancy is permitted only after prior consultation with the responsible physician.

Folk Remedies for the Treatment of Cystitis During Pregnancy

Acute Cystitis During Pregnancy

The acute form of the disease usually occurs suddenly and is characterized by severe symptoms. Factors such as:

  • decreased immunity and hormonal disturbances that occur during pregnancy;
  • tendency to allergic reactions;
  • compression of veins and blood vessels in the bladder. In pregnant women, this reason is the most common, since the dilated uterus compresses the urinary
  • bladder, interfering with total blood flow;
  • overwork, typical of pregnant women;
  • hypothermia;
  • Mechanical stress is another reason typical of pregnant women, associated with pressure on the bladder.

To determine if you experience this form of the disease, the following symptoms in pregnant women allow:

  1. Constant desire to go to the bathroom.
  2. Pain in the lower part, worse when pressed.
  3. Traces of blood in urine.
  4. Increased body temperature by up to 38 degrees.
  5. Watery discharge with unpleasant odor.

Chronic Cystitis During Pregnancy

The main reason for the development of chronic cystitis in pregnant women is acute cystitis, which has not been completely cured. In this case, the woman is concerned about the following signs of cystitis during pregnancy:

  • frequent need to use the bathroom;
  • pain when urinating;
  • lower abdominal pain;
  • false desire to use the toilet.

Chronic cystitis manifests during the off-season, when a woman's immunity is reduced. However, during pregnancy, relapses of the disease occur much more often.

The main danger of chronic cystitis is the increased risk of inflammation passing to the kidneys. In this case, pyelonephritis develops which, in the absence of help, leads to disability and even death. In addition, serious complications can occur during childbirth, including complications and infection of the baby while passing through the birth canal.

The inflammatory process that affects the genitourinary system during pregnancy poses a direct threat not only to the mother, but also to the fetus. Disease therapy during this period is carried out under the supervision of a specialist. It is important to know exactly how to properly treat cystitis during pregnancy!