Pain in the abdomen, painful sensations and - this is how most people describe the first signs of cystitis and are mistaken.
In fact, the disease is insidious and can go on latently for more than 3 months, affecting the mucous membrane and deeper layers of the bladder. And the above symptoms can already serve as the beginning of serious complications.
At this stage, the patient is needed. Medications for the treatment of cystitis are available, injections, pills and powders. The most effective remedy for cystitis is powder. Why they are worth choosing, you will learn in our article.
Benefits of powders over pills
To understand what the main difference between powder and pills is, let us consider the mechanism of their effect on pathogenic microflora.
Once ingested, the powder is instantly absorbed and, after a few hours, its maximum concentration accumulates in the urine, allowing it to fight bacteria. On the third day, the drug is excreted from the body.
They act on a different principle. They are absorbed through the lymphatic channels for about 3-4 hours. Then, the active substance is adsorbed in the digestive tract, spreads through the vessels and fights microorganisms.
Thus, a number of advantages of the powder compared to tablets can be distinguished:
There are many powdered medications for cystitis. Most often they are antibiotics, less often - sulphenylamides or. The most popular among them are drugs from the sulphenylamide group.
The powder with the active ingredient fosfomycin is a drug based on a broad-spectrum antibiotic. The drug's effectiveness is in the neutralization of the enzyme pyruvyltransferase, without the participation of which not a single bacterial wall can form. Spraying onto the surface of cells, fosfomycin also prevents pathogenic microflora from attaching to them.
The drug does not bind to blood plasma proteins, therefore, it can be used as indicated by pregnant women and children over 5 years of age.
To alleviate the acute phase of cystitis, just take the powder once in a dose of three grams. After two hours, the agent accumulates in the urinary system and begins to act. The efficacy of fosfomycin powder for cystitis is explained by the small number of bacteria resistant to it (1% of the total). The medicine is excreted from the body on the 4th day and is used to prevent urogenital diseases.
Another preparation based on the sulfacetamide substance is a water-soluble powder. It belongs to the group of sulfonamides, which, unlike antibiotics, do not destroy bacteria, but prevent their growth. Due to its low cost, this drug was widely used in the past. It is used as an adjuvant medicine for a week in sachet, three times a day.
Other Effective Remedies
Powdered products are used not only internally, but also to rinse the bladder. In severe cases, several medications can be prescribed at the same time: one is the main one and the other is supportive. Therefore, it is useful to know that there are cheap analogues with the same effect but with a longer adsorption period.
The medicine is based on the substance cefaclor. The maximum concentration is reached only after three times of use, therefore, its effect on the body only occurs on the second day. It is effective against gram-negative bacteria but has a weak effect on anaerobic microorganisms. The medication is taken every 8 hours at a dosage of 4 g / day.
Powdered cephalosporin antibiotic. It is evenly distributed in all organs. Partially binds to blood plasma proteins and is therefore not recommended for pregnant women and children. It has a destructive effect on most gram-positive bacteria. It is quickly excreted from the body. Dosing regimen 1, 5 g - 2 times a day.
The drug belongs to the group of semi-synthetic penicillins. It has a detrimental effect on bacteria in their active growth phase. With repeated use, the resistance of microorganisms to the penicillin series is observed. It has many side effects, it is contraindicated in kidney and liver diseases.
Before use, it is necessary to pass a urine culture and discover the causative agent of the disease. If it is not E. coli, taking the drug can make the course of the disease worse.
The schedule for taking the medicine is 4 times a day, 1 teaspoon.
Principles of Disease Treatment
Treatment of cystitis must begin with identifying its causes. The causative agents are most often Escherichia coli, staphylococci, streptococci, mycoplasma and ureaplasma. Acute cystitis is quickly relieved with the above medications. it already requires a different approach and adheres to the following principles:
How Can Cystitis Powder Help? Inflammatory processes in the bladder area, or cystitis, are not uncommon. According to medical statistics, nearly half of the world's population suffers from it. The disease mainly affects women, and this is for the simple reason that, unlike the male genitourinary system, women have a shorter and wider urethra.
How is cystitis treated?
This specific structure largely helps various harmful organisms to move up into the bladder organ and create conditions for the initiation of an inflammatory process. When a problem arises, treating the disease becomes the main problem. In many ways, therapy is prescribed depending on the factor that caused the inflammation.
The disease in medicine is precisely called primary acute cystitis. The primary manifestation is not accompanied by any other inflammatory disease of the genitourinary system. The disease has pronounced symptoms. The acute form of the disease is treated with effective antibacterial drugs. As a rule, they are:
- antibiotics for cystitis;
- vaginal suppositories;
- special powder for cystitis.
The drug must be taken as directed by the treating physician. If all recommendations are followed correctly, successful treatment can be completed within 7 to 10 days and, with a very positive effect, recovery can occur within 5 days after medical treatment.
The most important thing is that at the first signs of the disease, immediately consult a doctor, not delaying the visit to the health center while the disease takes on complicated forms. The doctor will prescribe a course of therapy and, after its completion, will certainly perform additional tests to make sure there are no signs of the disease.
Synthetic antibacterial agents
There are several types of medicated powder needed for cystitis symptoms. The first is a drug from the group of synthetic antibiotics with the active ingredient furazidine, a soluble powder.
The drug is used in the following cases:
In cystitis, the effect is very lasting. Once in the body, it can have a therapeutic effect for another two weeks.
The main positive quality of the drug is that, when exposed to areas of inflammation, it well destroys bacteria that have both gram-negative and gram-positive properties. The drug also infects microorganisms resistant to various antibiotics and sulfated substances.
The drug is taken 2-3 times a day after ingestion. A rate is 0, 1 or 0. 2 g of soluble powder. For children, the daily dose of the drug can be from 0. 2 to 0. 7 g, calculated per 1 kg of the child's weight.
Nutrifuran group preparations
The nutrifuran group medications are powdered preparations that the treating physician may recommend to the patient. They have many advantages, the most tangible of which is that they are cheap and, at the same time, very effective.
Price multiplied by efficiency is an important incentive to buy it. It is an antimicrobial agent often labeled an antibiotic. The drug destroys microbes that have entered the body and conduct destructive activities there. These are the very organisms that ultimately cause cystitis. This happens by destroying protein synthesis, which is vital for a harmful cell.
Preparations from the nutrifuran group are used in the presence of the following inflammatory processes:
Also, it is used for the prophylactic treatment of the urethra before urinary tract surgery.
The ongoing therapy scheme is individually selected for each individual patient. Standard instructions for use indicate that you need to use 1-2 tablets at a time. In total this is about 150g per serving. It is necessary to use this remedy 3-4 times a day.
The course of treatment usually lasts for a week and in some cases is delayed by two.
In the overwhelming majority of cases, the cause of the development of cystitis in adults is the vital activity of bacteria in the mucous membrane of the bladder. For this reason, only a properly selected antibiotic can deal with the disease, all other medications will only weaken your symptoms. In some cases, the clinical picture is so vivid that there is no time to wait for the results of the collected analyses. In this case, doctors prescribe cystitis powder to their patients. The drug quickly shows its effectiveness, and its pharmaceutical form has several undeniable advantages.
Pros and Cons of Powder Medicines
Before starting to use cystitis powders, it is necessary to evaluate not only the product's strengths, but also its disadvantages. The best way to do this is with a urologist. Despite the evident efficacy of the product and its safety, it can only be taken with the doctor's authorization, in therapeutic doses and no longer than the prescribed time.
The table shows the advantages and disadvantages that characterize cystitis powders:
Before starting to take the powders against cystitis, it is necessary to take all the necessary tests, take tests. In rare cases, cystitis is not the result of bacteria but of viruses or fungi. In such a situation, the product may not help, the patient will need a different therapy profile.
The use of powders in the context of cystitis
The duration, doses and schedule of ingestion of the powdered antibiotic are determined by the treating physician. The characteristics of the patient's condition, the causes of the disease, the use of auxiliary medications can change the indicators. For people with acute cystitis, one intake of the product is usually sufficient. A chronic disease requires treatment for at least 2 days, after which the patient is prescribed other antibiotics to consolidate the effect obtained. In chronic cystitis, powdered preparations are not prescribed as often; many doctors consider it inappropriate to use them in this case.
In some forms of cystitis, using just one antibiotic may not be enough. To obtain the desired effect, the patient additionally receives antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory drugs. These medications are best used as instillations rather than just orally; then relief will come much faster.
Indications and contraindications for the use of powdered preparations
Reception is possible not only at cystitis in the acute or chronic form, antibiotics are effective in the presence of other diseases. This makes it easier to treat patients in whom the inflammatory process has spread outside the bladder. In particular, the product is excellent for acute and chronic inflammation of the urethra if it is caused by E. coli or staphylococci. The drug is effective in preventing infectious lesions of the urinary system during surgical operations. Simultaneously with the treatment of cystitis, it eliminates latent infectious processes from the body.
Despite the relative safety, there are several contraindications for powder treatment:
- Children under 5 years old.
- Renal failure of a certain degree of severity.
- Intolerance to the components of the drug composition.
Usually, patients tolerate the drug well, but sometimes the negative consequences of the treatment are still observed. These can be allergic reactions in the form of rash, headache, heartburn, nausea. Less often, more pronounced changes in the functioning of the digestive tract are seen: vomiting, diarrhea.
What if the powder doesn't work?
Powder is not the only effective remedy for cystitis. Most of the time, doctors prescribe to patients with a pronounced clinical condition even before receiving the test results. Increased sensitivity to agents causing bladder inflammation ensures the first positive results shortly after starting therapy.
If it does not give the desired effect, you may consider an additional treatment option with other antibacterial medications.
Some of the products listed are very expensive, but well worth the effort. The main thing is not to forget about additional medications, without which taking antibiotics will not give the desired result. You also shouldn't give up on traditional medicine. In combination with traditional therapy, they allow you to quickly get rid of unpleasant symptoms and reduce the risk of their recurrence.
According to statistics, cystitis affects almost 50% of the world's population. Usually female representatives are ill as the urethra is wider and shorter. What will help powder for cystitis?
The peculiarity of the female structure helps harmful organisms to penetrate the bladder, creating conditions for further inflammation. Treatment is usually prescribed paying attention to the factor that caused the inflammatory process.
The medical name of the disease is primary acute cystitis. Symptoms are expressed in isolation, without inflammation of the genitourinary system. Acute illness is mainly treated with:
- vaginal suppositories;
- powdered products.
Medications are prescribed after consulting a specialist. If you strictly follow his instructions, you can get rid of the disease in 7 to 10 days. With primary symptoms, it is important to see a doctor right away as the disease can take a complicated form. The specialist gives recommendations, at the end of the treatment he orders additional tests to be done to make sure he is recovering.
If treated on its own, symptoms can be suppressed, but the source of inflammation is not eliminated. Usually, after some time, complications arise, serious manifestations of relapses.
Benefits of post
Previously, there was only the artisanal production of drugs, in which tablets, aqueous solutions, alcohol tinctures and powders were made. Pills didn't exist then. The powders were sold in paper bags and in a single dose. The pills are also a powder, but they are in a gelatin capsule. They were also used to get rid of cystitis.
Now the pharmaceutical industry allows you to create pills, suppositories, injections. Technology is improving every day, but powdered products are still used successfully. What are your merits?
The disadvantages are as follows:
- Some components have an unpleasant taste;
- Sometimes the mucous membrane is irritated;
- Powder is best suited for home use - it is not always possible to dilute it with a liquid under working conditions.
distribution in the body
The degree of absorption of cystitis powder with a single oral dose is moderate. Its bioavailability from the gastrointestinal tract ranges from 32 to 55%. The maximum concentration of the powder in the blood is reached on average after 2. 5 hours, and the half-life is up to 4 hours.
Once in the body, fosfomycin enters the urine immediately. It does not require plasma protein binding and is not subject to any metabolic transformations. Already 4 hours after ingestion, a high concentration of the drug in the urine is achieved, which lasts half a day. The level of activity sufficient for the onset of the bactericidal effect lasts 2 days, which is sufficient for cleaning the urine and is very convenient in the treatment of microbial diseases. Most of the drug is excreted from the body as an active form by the kidneys, and only a small fraction through the intestines with feces.
Side effects of cystitis powders and medications
When treating with many medications, along with therapeutic effects, side effects are also observed. For the drug against cystitis, the instructions for use indicate undesirable effects in the form of the following disorders:
- Neurological: headaches, fatigue, dizziness, paresthesia (altered sensitivity), inflammation of the optic nerve.
- Cardiovascular: pressure drop, tachycardia.
- Gastrointestinal: dyspepsia (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea), abdominal pain, colitis.
- Respiratory: bronchospasm.
- Allergic: pruritus, urticaria, anaphylaxis.
- Gynecological: vulvovaginitis.
- Hematologic: leukopenia, thrombocytosis.
- Metabolic: increase in liver enzymes (aminotransferases).
These phenomena are observed with different frequencies. If they are pronounced or any other symptoms occur, you should see a doctor. You may need to prescribe another medication for cystitis. But fosfomycin is generally well tolerated. And cases of overdose are extremely rare (only if medical instructions are not followed).
Cystitis powder, like any antibiotic, is not free from side effects. Adverse events can be observed by various systems, but if the reception schedule is followed, they are not critical.
Treatment with a drug for cystitis should be carried out under the strict supervision of a doctor. It should be remembered that the use of antibiotics, including fosfomycin-based antibiotics, can cause intestinal dysbiosis and, in severe cases, pseudomembranous colitis. Therefore, when the corresponding symptoms appear, therapeutic correction must be carried out. It should be remembered that food intake delays the absorption of the fosfomycin substance, and the sucrose contained in its composition can become a limiting factor for the use of the drug in many patients.
However, the drug with the active substance fosfomycin is easy to use and, after a single dose, it has a pronounced therapeutic effect, eliminating urinary tract infections. And although the drug is well tolerated, its use should be combined with the doctor and carried out under his supervision, in order to avoid adverse effects on the body.