Cystitis after intimacy occurs in 25-30% of women aged 20 to 40 years. This disease is of a recurrent chronic nature and requires mandatory medical intervention. If left untreated, the disease spreads to the appendages and causes extremely serious complications. Therefore, it is worth finding out why, after sex, some women develop cystitis and what the danger of this condition is.
Causes of cystitis after proximity
The causes of cystitis after proximity are caused by several factors, ranging from the individual characteristics of the body structure and culminating in violations of the rules of personal hygiene.
The main risk factors include:
- High sexual activity and frequent exchange of partners.
- The presence of gynecological diseases. In that case, cystitis appears with additional symptoms and is difficult to treat.
- Refusal to use contraceptives.
- Failure to comply with the rules of personal hygiene, use of soap or other aggressive agents for washing.
- Refusal to use lubricant with increased vaginal dryness.
- Violation of hygiene during sexual intercourse.
The conditions described above can cause pathogenic microflora to enter the urethra and spread inflammation to the bladder. Comorbidities such as diabetes, obesity or STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) can make the situation worse. It must be understood that bacteria that live on Organs genitals can become dangerous if they enter the urethra.
Cystitis after intercourse can develop in women who prefer aggressive sex. As a result of the act, the genitourinary organs are often damaged and the protective properties of the mucous membrane are reduced several times. At the same time, the barrier that prevents the spread of pathogenic microorganisms disappears, and they multiply freely in the environment not only of the vagina, but also of the bladder.
In addition, trauma-induced cystitis after sex is called defloration. Most of the time, inexperienced girls who have a first partner have a similar problem. In this case, the pathogenic microflora from outside enters the vagina and then goes to the urethra, causing inflammation.
The second name for this cystitis is honeymoon cystitis.
Microorganisms such as chlamydia, mycoplasma and ureaplasma, which cause sexually transmitted diseases, can cause the development of cystitis. If left untreated, the number of bacteria reaches a critical level and is more likely to pass into the bladder.
In simple terms, STDs are one of the most common causes of cystitis. The risks are especially high in patients with gonorrhea. This disease is accompanied by abundant secretion from the urethra, however, in certain circumstances, the inflammatory process may increase, affecting the bladder.
Anatomical defects can also trigger the development of cystitis. In this case, the disease will be of a chronic nature and will be accompanied by constant relapses. In that case, it is impossible to get rid of cystitis completely without solving the original problem. The most common pathologies are:
- excessive mobility of the urethral canal. At the same time, the woman develops adhesions from flaps of the hymen and creates favorable conditions for the development of the inflammatory process;
- vaginal ectopia. In this situation, the external opening of the urethra is below normal. Because of this, pathogenic microorganisms from the vagina during sexual intercourse penetrate the urethra and spread higher, up to the bladder.
These pathologies are extremely rare, but they bring the greatest drawbacks, as they require fundamental medical intervention.
After unprotected sex
Each person has their own bacterial origin. Some microorganisms located in a man's urethra are completely safe for the wearer and do not show their activity at all during his life. However, as soon as these microorganisms enter the female vagina, they start to multiply actively, causing the development of inflammation, including cystitis.
After protected sex
This is an extremely rare condition that does not usually occur in medical practice. In that case, cystitis can begin if the woman has inflammatory diseases of the vagina and a violation of physiological norms.
Cystitis symptoms after proximity
Cystitis after intercourse has symptoms similar to any other form of cystitis. The manifestations of the disease include:
- The appearance of a sensation of pain and burning in the lower abdomen.
- Increased pain and discomfort when urinating.
- Constant desire to empty the bladder.
- There is blood or mucus in the urine.
- Increased body temperature to 37-38 degrees.
In addition, sex is accompanied by painful sensations, as a result of which the woman begins to shy away from intimacy with the man.
Important!The development of cystitis takes some time. If unpleasant signs appeared immediately after sex or during intercourse, then the reason is probably in something else. In that case, you need to urgently see a doctor who will tell you what to do.
The treatment of cystitis after proximity, like any other disease, begins with a diagnosis. Correct and high-quality diagnosis is the key to successful treatment and prevents many complications. To diagnose and determine the root cause of the disease, the specialist prescribes:
- Blood test;
- general analysis of urine;
- sow urine for microflora;
- ultrasound examination of the bladder;
- vaginal smear;
- general gynecological examination to determine the presence of physiological disorders.
In addition, the specialist listens to the patient's complaints, asks guiding questions and analyzes the data obtained. It should be understood that cystitis after AP can occur in any woman, especially in the context of reduced immunity.
Cystitis therapy includes the following measures:
- Pain relief with the help of analgesics. They can be tablets or suppositories.
- Take antibiotics to suppress pathogenic microflora.
- The indication of antivirals and antimycotics (in this case, everything depends on the type of pathogen).
In addition, patients are recommended to take multivitamin complexes to restore natural immunity. Homemade recipes can be used to complement the treatment. In addition, to cure the disease once and for all, intimacy is unacceptable during therapy. This way, you can be sure that the disease will not get worse and that the treatment procedures will be as effective as possible.
The most common drugs used to treat cystitis after intimacy are antibiotics. These funds suppress the vital activity of pathogenic microorganisms, promote rapid recovery and reduce the risk of relapse.
In addition to antibiotics, patients are given antispasmodics to relieve pain.
The indication of antivirals for the treatment of cystitis after sexual intercourse is justified only if the disease is of a venereal nature.
If the disease is caused by fungi, antifungal antibiotics are additionally included in the therapeutic complex.
Important!Only an experienced specialist can prescribe quality treatment. Self-medication for cystitis is unacceptable, especially if the disease is triggered by an STD. In addition, the doctor will be able to determine what caused the cystitis.
Surgery is prescribed by the doctor in the presence of congenital or acquired defects in the urethra. The most common operation is to raise the vagina (transposition of the urethra). The operation is performed in a hospital, while the recovery period varies from one to two weeks. After complete recovery, relapses occur in only 5% of women; in other cases, complete recovery occurs.
Traditional medicine relies on the use of medicinal herbs and fruits for cystitis in women after intimacy. Among the recipes we highlight:
- Lingonberry infusion.For the recipe, you need to pour a tablespoon of lingonberry leaves with a glass of boiling water and leave for 30-40 minutes. After that, filter the infusion and take 6 tablespoons 4 times a day.
- Bearberry infusion.The recipe and application schedule are similar to the blueberry infusion.
- Flax seeds.Two tablespoons of flax seeds are placed in a glass of boiling water and boiled in a steam bath for 10-15 minutes. After that, the broth can be filtered or consumed with the seeds. They drink a glass of broth a day.
- Seated baths. . . It is best to take herbs with an antibacterial effect, such as a chamomile decoction, to prepare a sitz bath. The time for the sitz bath can be 15 to 30 minutes. This is a great way to relieve pain when it arises.
Cystitis with oral or anal sex
Inflammation during oral sex can only develop if there is inflammation in the sexual partner's mouth. For example, they can be dental diseases, such as cavities. In addition, a high risk of developing cystitis is seen in partners who have oral sex with diseases of the throat or bronchopulmonary system.
Cystitis after anal sex develops more often. The risk is especially high for partners who combine unprotected anal and vaginal sex. In that case, the bacteria that live in the anus go to the vagina and can later pass into the urethra.
Cystitis may appear in men after AP
In men, infection with cystitis occurs along the "upward" path. In other words, microorganisms gradually move through the urethra and eventually reach the bladder. As for infection with cystitis after sex, this phenomenon never occurs in strong sex.
The exceptions are physiological disorders that promote the advancement of pathogenic microorganisms. Thus, the disease occurs in women after intimacy and almost never affects men.
To reduce the risk of developing inflammation after BP, experts recommend observing the following rules:
- using condoms during sexual intercourse, especially with unknown partners;
- monitor personal hygiene;
- do not alternate anal and vaginal sex;
- give preference to antibacterial lubricants;
- take vitamins and minerals;
- treat illnesses in a timely manner, including STDs;
- do not refuse surgical treatment if the urethra is not positioned correctly or if other pathologies are found.
When visiting a doctor, postcoital cystitis is treated quite easily. To reduce the risk of relapse in the future, it is important to abandon self-medication and entrust health to an experienced specialist. If you develop cystitis after sex, it is important to find out the root cause!