Cystitis: symptoms, treatment

Cystitis is the inflammation of the bladder. This problem most commonly befalls women as compared to men the urethra is shorter and wider. This makes the penetration here of the infection easier and faster. In total in different periods of life cystitis hurt hell Yes 20 40 % female composition of the planet.

cystitis is

Causes of cystitis

Cystitis is a disease common to all ages. Cause its mainly the following reasons:

  • hypothermia pelvic regions;
  • mucosal injury of the bladder;
  • a sedentary lifestyle;
  • spicy and fatty urchin;
  • the presence of chronic gynecological or sexually transmitted diseases;
  • the presence of foci of infection in the body;
  • unprotected sex;
  • the lack of hygiene.

The main cause of the disease is hypothermia. The most dangerous is the freezing of the legs and pelvis. So you can not sit on cold surfaces, to wear thin silk underwear in the cold season, and too cool shoes.

Risk factor also, the phenomenon is sedentary work, which causes stagnation of blood in the veins of the pelvic regions. You can not sit continuously in one place during, for example, 4-5 hours. If required by your duties, you should try to get up often and take 15-minute breaks.

A special category of reasons that can cause cystitis, violation of the rules of hygiene. You risk to get the disease if:

  • rarely change tampons or sanitary pads during menstruation;
  • practice transitions hell anal intercourse Yes vaginal;
  • often wear tight-fitting synthetic underwear;
  • are constantly applied daily strip;
  • after defecation wiping in the direction of hell the anus forward;
  • do not observe the urination.

Need to empty the bladder at least 5 times a day, otherwise the ingress of infection into the bladder is facilitated due to stagnation or decomposition of urine.

Types of cystitis

the symptoms of cystitis

According to Ada the nature of the disease cystitis is divided into acute and chronic. The acute form occurs in the presence of bright symptoms and occurs after sudden provocative factor.

Chronic cystitis characterized by a lower severity of manifestations and google + most often caused by other diseases.

Depending on the reasons that led Yes pathology cystitis are divided into primary and secondary, as well as bacterial and non-bacterial.

Bacterial inflammation of the body are caused by infections of various origins: streptococci, enterococci, the gonococci, etc. In this way the infection may be hematogenous, lymphogenous, in a descending or ascending.

Non-bacterial cystitis develops when the irritation of the walls of the drug, or other chemical substances. Distinguish thermal, toxic, radiation, allergic, nutritional cystitis.

If the primary disease is characterized by lesions of the bladder directly to any of these factors, the secondary cystitis develops as a result of other diseases of this or the neighbouring organs. So, for example, it is usually accompanied by kidney stones, prostate cancer, stricture of urethra, etc.

The symptoms of cystitis

The symptoms of this disease depend on the hell of her form. If in acute cases, there is a bright clinical picture with a strong sharp pains when quickened and several times per hour urine, at chronic in remission the symptoms can absolutely be absent.

Yes, the most characteristic symptoms of the acute form of the disease include:

  • painful and frequent urination;
  • cutting pains above the pubis in the region of the bladder;
  • turbidity of urine;
  • in severe cases, fever.

In some patients there is also blood in the urine, the ever-present feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder. In some patients, cramps in the google + profile urinate can be so strong that radiating into the rectum.

If these symptoms arose from the men should immediately contact a urologist Yes, as the male cystitis is almost always secondary. The main reason for their often enlarged prostate, kidney stones, diabetes. Very similar to cystitis symptoms occur when negonokokkovom urethritis.

Occasionally you may asymptomatic cystitis. In such cases, the diagnosis google + installed by chance when performing a urine test for another reason.


In the presence of the typical clinical picture in favor of acute cystitis says rapid improvement under the influence of antibacterial agents. In addition, take into account the results of laboratory tests and the ultrasound.

After the disappearance of acute ate phenomena in order to clarify the diagnosis is carried out a cystoscopy, which is a study of the internal condition of the urinary bladder.

For women phenomenon is very important gynecological examination, which can be identified associated female diseases that contribute to the development of cystitis.

diagnosis of cystitis

Thus, a full examination of chronic cystitis consists of:

  • General analysis of urine;
  • bacterial culture of urine;
  • urine analysis according to Nechyporenko;
  • PCR diagnostics;
  • cystoscopy;
  • Ultrasound of the urinary organs;
  • if necessary – biopsy.

Cystitis should not be confused with urethritis, which is inflammation of the urinary bladder and manifests itself only by sharp pains, burning and pain when urinating. In many cases, these diseases go hand in hand.

If the inflammatory process does not respond to treatment and the process becomes protracted, should thoroughly to find out the reason for such a situation. In this case, to assign the proper treatment necessary to differentiate cystitis from other conditions such as prostatitis, bladder cancer, tuberculosis.

In the diagnosis should also be considered that cystitis is not characterized by elevated temperature over 37.5 degrees. If the patient has this symptom, he should consult a urologist to exclude kidney disease.

Treatment of cystitis

To get rid of a hell of a flare or exacerbation of this extremely unpleasant disease, you must adhere to the following guidelines:

  • to comply with bed rest;
  • the medication;
  • drink plenty of warm fluids;
  • diet.

Acute cystitis is prescribed antispasmodics, antibiotics, and herbs with a diuretic action. In severe pain recommend drugs that relieve spasm of the muscles of the bladder – noshpu, drotaverine, papaverine. They can be used both in pill form and in the form of candles. Contributes to the elimination of sharp pains heating pad, laid on the abdomen.

Widely used in cystitis diuretic herbs bearberry, leaf cowberry, kidney tea. Very useful in this situation cranberry, cranberry and blueberry fruit drinks. Exist for such cases ready-made herbal remedies. The use of finished drugs gives a more expected effect in the treatment of cystitis. Ale ready to use pharmacological means does not cancel receiving abundant warm drink.

Will help relieve the condition after painful urination and warm baths with herbs or washing the external genitalia with warm water and soda solution.

Diet for acute cystitis should avoid pickles, spicy seasonings, pickles. Useful are dairy products, fruits, especially watermelon.

The chronic course of the disease prescribe the procedure to restore the flow of urine. Yes, they are, for example, treatment of prostate adenoma, elimination of contractions of the urethra. Mandatory conduct the identification and elimination of foci of infection in the body. In chronic forms of cystitis, the antimicrobial treatment is carried out only after appropriate laboratory investigations — urine culture identifying the causative agent and its sensitivity Yes antibiotics.

Treatment folk methods

treatment folk methods

The people there are many funds that have a positive impact in diseases of the urinary sector, including cystitis. The most effective of these include the following:

  • Boil 3 litres of milk. To separate a large mug and pour in a bowl. The patient needs to put his foot in it and wrapped a blanket Yes belt. If the milk in the pelvis starts to cool down, need to add another Cup. So continue until all the milk is poured. You repeat the procedure the same milk can boil over. To repeat and improve.
  • Take 2 half red brick and the glow on the fire. Put them in an empty metal bucket, the edges of which to wrap the fabric. The patient sits on the bucket and wrap the lower part of the whole in a blanket or quilt. To sit in this position till hell brick to start the heat. After the procedure you go to bed. Repeat it several times.

Not all patients are allowed the heat treatments in the pelvic region. For example, they are contraindicated for women who have fibroids or fibroids. In such cases receiving diuretics herbs, which is to be performed within 1.5-2 months. When herbal medicine to prevent recurrence it is important to repeat courses. So, after the acute outbreak of the disease the treatment should be repeated after 2-3 months, and in the treatment of chronic form in 3-5 months.

Good effect with cystitis having such herbs in equal proportions mixed herb parsley, thyme, St. John's wort, dill and knotweed. 1 teaspoon of the mixture pour 1 Cup boiling water and infused. Drink this infusion need half a Cup three times a day for 20 Zen. Should hold 3 such courses with a 10-day break in between. Relief comes within the first course, and a full cycle helps to get rid of chronic cystitis.

Rapid improvement can be obtained if a handful of dried flowers of cornflower to make 300 g of boiling water and infuse for 30 minutes. Half portion is drunk in small SIPS in the evening, the other half in the morning.

Speed the acute symptoms of cystitis if one ate to eat 0.5-1 l of cranberries. But this does not mean that further treatment it is necessary to completely stop.

The effect of ad folk ways to be more sustainable if they are applied in combination with diet and drug therapy.

Possible complications

When properly conducted therapy, the symptoms disappear in 5 to 10 Zen. But often after the home or done hastily treat the symptoms disappear only for a hour. The real cause of the disease remains in the body and makes itself felt immediately at the slightest hypothermia. In this case we say that the cystitis has passed into the chronic form.

Especially dangerous chronic disease phenomenon is for girls because it can lead to scarring of the posterior wall of the urethra and reduce it in volume. Thus there is a vicious circle that consists of constantly fueling each other foci of infection.

In addition, if it is not enough to treat cystitis, an infection of the bladder can penetrate into kidneys, resulting in the development of more serious isnae disease pyelonephritis. In this case, and frequent urination are added pain in the lumbar region, fever, swelling.

Seriously significant complication of the disease, which occurs in the absence of proper treatment, the phenomenon is the development of interstitial cystitis. While the infection is not only slimy, but also the submucosa and muscular body scene. Tissues scar and deform, which leads to scarring of the bladder and the loss of his AB pit. The only way to save the patient phenomenon is the operation to complete removal of an organ with plasticity new, which consists of tissues of the colon.

Cystitis during pregnancy

The disease, which is already tormented by mostly women, often during pregnancy. Skin in ten women know about the existence of this disease is in a difficult period of carrying a child.

cystitis during pregnancy

Its appearance in the early stages due to changes in hormonal background, and also ate true immunosuppression pregnant, t.. Zn. depressed immunity. It weakened immune system allows microorganisms to multiply freely and cause inflammation of the lining of the bladder. So the slightest hypothermia, violation of the rules of hygiene, and even abrupt climate change may cause the expectant mother acute cystitis in all its glory.

The emergence of this disease contributes to the growing uterus that compresses the bladder and leads to violation of the outflow of urine, causing an active reproduction of pathogenic microbes.

The complexity of the treatment of cystitis during pregnancy is that accept medicines can adversely affect the body of a child. Hello, at the same hour, the treatment should be carried out immediately as the infection can spread to the kidneys. Therefore, it is necessary to accept such medicines, which will operate it in the bladder.

Prevention of cystitis

For the prevention of disease enough to perform some simple guidelines:

  • observe the intimate hygiene;
  • avoid hypothermia of the feet;
  • don't sit on cold surfaces;
  • do not eat spicy and salty hedgehog;
  • time izlechenie sexual infections;
  • skip ad underwear made from synthetic materials.

Sedentary life every 20-30 minutes you should get up and stretch and, of course, need not be lazy in time to empty the bladder.

Good prevention of the phenomenon of cystitis is daily drinking of a glass of cranberry juice or taking cranberry in any other form. This natural remedy has diuretic and disinfectant properties and prevents sticking of infection and bladder.