The urinary system is frequently exposed to infections. One of the most common urinary tract infections is cystitis. What to do with cystitis in women? Pathology treatment should be started at the first symptoms. In the absence of therapy, the disease becomes chronic, which will be much more difficult to cope with.
Provocative factors and symptoms of the disease
Cystitis is an inflammatory and infectious disease that develops in the bladder area. The disease is most often diagnosed in women, but cases of cystitis in men are not excluded.
The reason for the development of cystitis is to enter the urinary tract infection of the conditional pathogenic flora:
- Escherichia coli;
- and others.
The infection may be the result of non-observance of hygiene rules for the care of the genitals or the result of an inflammatory process. In addition, the pathology is sexually transmitted (ureaplasma or mycoplasma).
With cystitis, the patient has symptoms:
- painful sensations when urinating;
- sudden attacks of pain in the lower abdomen;
- feeling of incomplete urinary emptying;
- urinary incontinence;
- urine color - cloudy; excretion of
- from urine with blood;
- Temporary temperature rise of up to 38 degrees.
In women, cystitis is treated on an outpatient basis using medications. With early therapy, the disease can be eliminated without complications.
Choice of treatment tactics
The effectiveness of treatment depends on how early the diagnosis is made. In addition, determining the cause of the condition (identifying the type of infection) plays an important role. With the development of a chronic or acute form of cystitis, the medications may have no effect and the infection will progress further, causing kidney and genital diseases.
The main task of specialists who deal with patient therapy is to prevent the inflammatory process, destroying pathological microorganisms in the area of lesions of the urinary mucosa.
The choice of cystitis medicine is exclusively a doctor who takes into account the peculiarities of the disease in women:
- type of infection;
- the degree of development of the disease;
- individual characteristics of the organism (age, sex, weight);
- presence of contraindications;
- tendency to manifest an adverse reaction.
An important point is to determine the reaction of pathological microorganisms to the composition of the medicine. For this, a special study is carried out to help determine the most appropriate medication.
Competent approach for the treatment of cystitis
Drug therapy includes a complex of drugs from different groups. The woman prescribes pills for cystitis not only to destroy the infection, but also to prevent inflammation, as well as to reduce the intensity of symptom onset.
For complex drug therapy, group medications are recommended:
- antispasmodics; anti-inflammatory
For a more effective treatment of female cystitis, it is necessary, in addition to medication, to follow a special diet and observe hygiene measures.
The main group of drugs that help prevent the progression of infection in cystitis in women are antibacterials.
Antibiotics have a strong effect on body weight, so it is advisable to take them only according to the doctor's instructions.
Phytopreparations have less effect than antibiotics, however, their toxic effect is less, so their use is permitted during pregnancy (with the permission of a specialist).
In women, cystitis drugs based on a natural composition are used in combination with antibiotics. Thus, treatment and recovery are faster.
In cystitis, the patient is usually disturbed by spasms in the urinary tract, especially during the urination process. To eliminate pain and spasms in a woman, preparations for cystitis with drotaverine are recommended.
The use of drugs containing drotaverine is recommended for symptomatic therapy. Possible reception in short course (2 - 3 days).
In addition to antibiotics, patients with cystitis may receive anti-inflammatory drugs to prevent complications, especially if the risk of kidney inflammation increases.
Anti-inflammatories are most often prescribed for a single dose with increased symptom intensity (pain or temperature).
The use of antibiotics in most cases leads to disruption of stomach functionality due to the effect of drugs on the walls of the gastrointestinal tract. To facilitate the work of the digestive system during the treatment period, a joint intake of probiotics is prescribed.
Taking probiotics reduces the risk of gastrointestinal adverse drug reactions.
Contraindications and side effects
Any medication for the treatment of cystitis in women should be selected taking into account possible contraindications. During therapy, the patient may also show symptoms of an adverse reaction caused by contraindications, excess of the recommended dosage or a possible individual body reaction to the medications.
- individual sensitivity to constituent components;
- a series of chronic diseases;
- impaired kidney or liver function;
- central nervous system problems.
Most medications are not recommended during pregnancy or breastfeeding, or before age 18 or over 60.
- gastrointestinal tract disorders (diarrhea / constipation, nausea, abdominal pain);
- spikes in blood pressure, tachycardia and other disorders of the cardiovascular system;
- headaches or attacks of dizziness;
- depression or mood swings;
- allergic skin reaction;
- change in urine color (to bright yellow).
Ingestion of medications in the presence of contraindications can cause the development or exacerbation of concomitant diseases. In case of an adverse reaction, symptomatic therapy may be prescribed for the patient.
Adequate nutrition during treatment
To speed up the treatment of cystitis and prevent complications, along with the intake of medications, it is necessary to follow a diet that restores the mucous microflora and the functionality of the urinary.
Recommended for use:
- a large number of fruits and vegetables;
- fruit sodas, green tea or natural juices (without sugar);
- whole grains.
The diet should include carrots, cabbage, squash, asparagus, bran and pine nuts.
In case of cystitis, avoid ingesting any amount of salt that irritates the bladder walls.
It is also undesirable to use:
- canned food;
- smoked meats;
- spicy food.
Your doctor will recommend the correct diet, or you can contact your nutritionist.
Treatment with cystitis medications should not be started without first consulting a doctor who defines an individual treatment regime for each woman.